In response to satisfy the need for a short way of measuring resilience, a shine form of the new RS-14, that will feel psychometrically confirmed and round the varied communities, it absolutely was important to look at brand new measure’s central tendencies, inner structure and you can basis build over the three chose subgroups and additionally this new intercourse and age of adolescents, young people, and the ones which have special requires. “We hypothesized one to for everyone around three trials, a one-foundation model will be served and that score was highly reliable just like the reviewed from the old-fashioned interpretive criteria” (Aiena mais aussi al., 2015).
Professionals and you will Process
Analyses were centered on about three main examples, one to made up of kids for the ages of 13–17, the next involved young adults within the age 19–27, and third integrated some one inside period of thirteen-18 which have transformative psychosocial difficulties who www.datingranking.net/tr/lavalife-inceleme were inside custody off academic, healing otherwise correctional institutions. The entire attempt integrated dos,715 teenagers out of about three different teams inside Poland, old away from 13 to twenty seven (M = , SD = step 3.90), mainly females (%).
Sample 1-adolescents (N = 400). The sample was with age ranging from 13 to 17 years old (M = , SD = 0.86) predominately female (58.3%). Sample 2-early adulthood (N = 1659). Data were also gathered at a medium-sized university located in northeast Poland. Overall, we had results from students aged 19–27 years old (M = , SD = 1.82) predominately female (82.3%). Sample 3-problem group (N = 656). The sample consisted of three groups: socially maladjusted juveniles from probation centers was (N = 116) with age ranging from 13 to 17 years old (M = , SD = 1.48) predominately male (75.0%), adolescents with psycho-social impairments attending (staying) in Youth Sociotherapy Centers (N = 293, aged 13–18 years old, M = , SD = 1.22) and adolescents externalizing educational difficulties (Youth Educational Centers, N = 247, with age ranging from 13 to 18 years old (M = , SD = 0.98). The selection of the third study sample was purposive due to the specifics of the facilities to which the studied individuals were admitted. The main criterion for including respondents to sample 3 was the occurrence of emotional and behavioral disorders. A comparative analysis using ANOVA did not confirm differences between problem groups (youth from probation centers, educational centers and sociotherapy centers) in terms of the RS-14 index [F(dos, 653) = 2.63; p > 0.05].
Sociotherapeutic and educational facilities is organization outside the host to residence, and that mode round the clock. From inside the Poland you’ll find already more 3,100000 youngsters old thirteen–18 who will be remaining in such as for example Teens Sociotherapy Facilities as well as cuatro,100000 that are staying in Childhood Educational Stores. Young people Sociotherapy Centers can handle kids which, due to developmental issues, understanding trouble, and you may problems in the personal functioning, is located at threat of societal maladjustment and want a special team off discovering, methods of work, training and you may sociotherapy. Currently, discover 74 into the Poland. Youthfulness Educational Stores are capable of socially maladjusted youth who want using a unique team out of training, methods of work and studies. Already, discover 96 for the Poland. An effective Probation Heart try day-worry facility that provide prevention, care, studies, treatment, and you may therapeutic situations. The actions performed in the centre are intended for altering teenager thinking on the socially prominent, making certain the suitable growth of their personality. Probation facilities services beneath the district courts. Currently, you will find 97 for the Poland. Currently, ~step one,one hundred thousand juveniles were labeled such place.
Psychometric features of the RS-fourteen was basically examined having fun with univariate and you will bivariate analyses conducted towards the statistical application IBM SPSS Analytics and IBM AMOS. The new Cronbach Alpha coefficient was utilized to help you define coherence (dimension from reliability). When it comes to big date balance comparison, Pearson’s r correlation investigation while the t try having founded products were used. Principal parts analysis was used to ensure the brand new solitary foundation structure off RS-fourteen stated by Wagnild and you may Younger (1993). Exploratory and you may confirmatory foundation-analytical strategies was indeed used to assess the grounds framework of your own measure. The fresh new basis accuracy was examined having fun with EFA (main role approach, oblimin rotation) and you will CFA (IBM AMOS, ML means). The fresh new activities about EFA were tested to possess a sufficient fit by using the after the fit indexes: chi-rectangular and you may amounts of independence, RMSEA plus 90% confidence interval (CI); (Steiger, 1990) SRMR, the newest Tucker–Lewis Index (TLI); (Tucker and you may Lewis, 1973), CFI; and you may GFI (Hu and Bentler, 1999).